Known for its food, beer, passion for football, and its world leading car industry, Germany has played a major part in shaping modern Europe and was at the heart of the Age of Enlightenment and the Renaissance period in Europe. A trip to Europe would be incomplete without a visit to Germany. Weimar, Germany was home to many personalities whose contribution to the European culture, art and philosophy are innumerable. It was the epicenter of German Nationalism in the 19th century and therefore the city should be on your list when visiting Germany. Here we are going to take a look at the 10 Tourist Attractions in Weimar which make the city culturally and historically significant.
10. Schloss Weimar
‘Schloss’ is German for ‘palace’ and this 500 year old palace has long been part of Weimar’s history. It is part of the World Heritage Site “Classical Weimar”. The palace was home to the dukes of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach. A museum was included in the 20th century which houses paintings from the 15th and 16th century which were particularly related to Weimar culture and history. Four rooms are dedicated to the four famous German poets, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, Christoph Martin Wieland, Johann Gottfried Herder. Artistically significant-check, Historically significant-check, Culturally significant-check. Perfect place for any tourist and therefore makes our list of 10 Tourist Attractions in Weimar.
9. Park an der Ilm
Located on either side of river Ilm, Park and der Ilm is the largest park in Weimar. It’s creation was influenced by Wolfgang von Goethe who himself bought a garden house which lies in the middle of the park. The park itself contains many architectural pieces, all very eye catching. The park contains variety of trees each with an average age of 70-110 years. The park too forms part of the World Heritage Site “Classical Weimar”. A perfect place for a picnic, to lie back and appreciate the idyllic and peaceful landscape.
8. Goethe National Museum
Next up on our list of 10 tourist attractions in Weimar is the Goethe National Museum dedicated to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe the famous poet and philosopher. Goethe has had immense influence on modern Germany, his writings were influential in German nationalism between 1830 and 1880. It was founded in 1885 as result of his grandson’s will. The museum exhibits Goethe’s work in science and art and his personal book collection. A must stop for any Goethe fan and student of German literature.
7. The Church of St Peter and St Paul
The building was constructed in 1500 and is also part of “Classical Weimar”. Buried within the church is the famous philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder who worked in the church. The altarpiece by Lucas Cranach the Elder is considered as a major work of art and the crown jewel of the church. While you’re at it say a prayer to take your mind off the hustle and bustle of your everyday life and soak up the feeling.
6. Schiller Museum and Residence
Dedicated to Friedrich Schiller who is considered second only to Goethe was a German poet and philosopher. The museum is attached to his old house and both the buildings make use of authentic items which belonged to the great man himself. The rooms used by Schiller, his wife and his daughters are all intact. Most of his great work and dramas were completed in this house. Again, all those studying German literature HAVE to visit this historic landmark.
5. Buchenwald Concentration Camp
Located in the outskirts of Weimar, it was a German Nazi concentration camp established in 1937 and was one of the largest concentration camps in Germany. Today the remains of the camp remain serve as a memorial site for all those who lost their lives to Nazi terror. The museum exhibits the workings of the concentration camp and the technology developed by Nazi scientists.
Two things here, theatre and the city square. The city square gives you a feel like no other, with the statue of Schiller and Goethe at the heart of the square, it sums up Classical Weimar. Grab a snack from nearby food stalls, sit back and watch the world go by. The historic theatre has staged plays directed by both Schiller and Goethe, do try to catch a performance here.
3. Historical Cemetery, Weimar
A cemetery is an odd tourist site, we know, but the Historical Cemetery is the main cemetery in Weimar and includes the Weimarer Furstengruft both of which are part of the World Heritage Site. The cemetery, houses the tombs of Goethe and Schiller and notable individuals of Weimar. If you have read Goethe and Schiller’s work, the cemetery gives you the opportunity to pay your respects to them.
2. Market Square
Food stalls, handmade artifacts, toys, souvenirs you will find just about anything here. The buildings here date back to 16th century. The Elephant Hotel located here was host to Adolf Hitler who gave speeches to the crowd from the balcony. The ice cream parlours here are said to be one of the best in Europe. Ideal place for any tourist where you have a historical sites and shops at the same place!
1. Duchess Anna Amalia Library
Lastly on our list of 10 Tourist Attractions in Weimar is the Duchess Anna Amalia Library. The library is named after the Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Anna Amalia. The Duchess was known for her keen interest in poetry and literature. The building was built between 1562 and 1565 and was converted into a library in 1761. In 1766 the Duchess Anna Amalia ordered that the courtly book collection be moved into the library. The library houses a major collection which primarily focus on German literature, and historical documents. Goethe served as the patron of the library for a long time too.
A city synonymous to history, it was hard to pick 10 attractions from Weimar because there is just so much more to it. The intellectual hotspot has been host to history through the ages, one of the few cities of the world which has given birth to more than one great intellectual of his time. Historically significant buildings, serene landmarks, good food, the city offers the best of everything and it would be criminal of you not to pay a visit to the great city of Weimar and especially these 10 tourist attractions in Weimar.