The Ebola virus is one of the more deadly viruses today and therefore awareness about it, especially considering the recent breakout in 2014 is imperative. We compiled a list of facts about Ebola virus that should provide you with the necessary information regarding the virus and how to avoid it. At this point, hygiene and awareness are the only known ways to avoid to this virus in light of which it is also requested to spread the word as much as possible.
Without further ado, here’s presenting ten lesser known facts about Ebola virus. We hope the post proves educational, and as always, your comments are welcome.
The first on our list of facts about Ebola virus is its origin. One of the first recorded incident of Ebola virus was in Zaire and Sudan in year 1976. The virus itself is named after a river in Africa by the same name. Other regions where this virus broke out initially include the Ivory Coast, Gabon, Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, and Liberia. The virus itself is significantly deadly and is viral, so the chances of a spread are even greater.
9. Fatality Rate
While health related viruses are generally quite dangerous, Ebola virus is one of the most dangerous out there. Especially considering the fact that it is viral which means it can be transmitted very easily. There are ways to avoid the Ebola virus, but given the ease by which one can contract this virus, the story changes completely. One of the bigger problems with Ebola virus is the fatality rate which is reported to be around 90 percent. Translated, that means that of every 10 people to contract the Ebola virus, 8 or 9 will die. This piece of statistic is limited to the Zaire strain of the Ebola virus. There are five different stains.
8. Recent Outbreak
Ebola virus has not been making news waves around the world, but the epidemic broke out recently in parts of Africa and it is getting very serious. In this recent outbreak in the year 2014, over 1,100 people have been infected. Over 400 cases have been reported in Guinea, 196 in Liberia, 42 in Sierra Leone. Most of these reported cases have already died due to the infection, more specifically, at least half of these over 1,000 cases have proved fatal, and the spread has no signs of reducing anytime soon.
The nature of the virus is very deadly, and the entire epidemic becomes graver considering the fact that it is not easy to diagnose early. As a matter of fact, Ebola virus symptoms start showing 8 to 10 days after a person has been exposed. The number of days can go as high as 21. There are various different symptoms which include vomiting, stomach pain, aching joints, headache, diarrhea, fever and loss of appetite. One even experiences problems in breathing and swallowing. Other symptoms include red eyes, rashes, sore throats, coughing and chest pains.
6. The Virus
Ebola is one of the three viruses with negative strands. The others include Marburg and Reston. It is unknown exactly how it enters the cells in a human body, however, once the virus manages to sneak into the cells, it starts to replicate itself inside the cytoplasm. The entire cell is affected in no time. Niemann-Pic C1 or NPC1 is the key to finding the cure of this virus as this is a protein that the virus uses in order to infiltrate a cell and further replicate, infecting it completely.